Loving Day, June 12
"53 years ago, we represented Mildred and Richard Loving in the Supreme Court case Loving v. Virginia. We won the case and overturned unconstitutional bans against interracial marriage." #LovingDay pic.twitter.com/u4Pl9JhJvp
— ACLU (@ACLU) June 12, 2020
June 12, 1967 marks the day when the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled in favor of Mildred (Jeter) and Richard Loving, making states’ laws against interracial marriage unconstitutional. Lawyers from the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) represented the Lovings in the landmark case of Loving v. Virginia, 388 US 1 (1967). The case brought the following question before the court:
"Did Virginia's antimiscegenation law, (the Racial Integrity Act of 1924), violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?"
This case also helped establish legal precedent for another landmark marriage equality case in 2015, Obergefell v. Hodges, which ruled that the fundamental right to marry is guaranteed to same-sex couples.
Learn more about this landmark case through these selected materials:
Supreme Court Opinion 388 U.S. 1 (1967) from Justia.
Loving v. Virginia, 388 U.S. 1, 87 S. Ct. 1817, 18 L. Ed. 2d 1010, 1967 U.S. LEXIS 1082 (Supreme Court of the United States June 12, 1967, Decided ).
Wallenstein, P., & Mooney, E. K. (2006). Public response to Loving v. Virginia. In M. I. Urofsky (Ed.), The public debate over controversial Supreme Court decisions. Washington, DC: CQ Press. Retrieved from
Urofsky, M. I. (2004). The Lovings, Loving v. Virginia: Living as man and wife. 100 Americans making constitutional history. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
"Loving v. Virginia." Oyez, www.oyez.org/cases/1966/395. Accessed 12 Jun. 2020.(listen to a recording of the opinion being read)
Check out an eBook from the Stanford Libraries Collection:
Cashin, Sheryll. 2017. Loving: interracial intimacy in America and the threat to white supremacy.
Martyn, Byron Curti. 1979. Racism in the United States: a history of the anti-miscegenation legislation and litigation.
Moulton, Amber D. 2015. The fight for interracial marriage rights in Antebellum Massachusetts.
Newbeck, Phyl. 2004. Virginia hasn't always been for lovers: interracial marriage bans and the case of Richard and Mildred Loving. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
Papers of the NAACP, Supplement to Part 23: Legal Department Case Files, 1960-1972, Series A: The South, Section II: Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia
SERIES:Group V, Legal Department Case Files: Virginia. FOLDER TITLE:Loving v. Virginia, 1964-1966. 66pp.
Rothman, Joshua D. 2003. Notorious in the neighborhood: sex and families across the color line in Virginia, 1787-1861. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Sollors, Werner. 2000. Interracialism: black-white intermarriage in American history, literature, and law. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Villazor, Rose Cuison, and Kevin Noble Maillard. 2012. Loving v. Virginia in a post-racial world: rethinking race, sex, and marriage. New York: Cambridge University Press
Villet, Grey, Barbara Villet, and Stephen Crowley. 2017. The Lovings: an intimate portrait
Wallenstein, Peter. 2014. Race, sex, and the freedom to marry: Loving v. Virginia. (print only)